Improving Solid Waste Management in Egypt

German public development financing organisation (KfW), bonn, Germany ​Assiut and Qena, Egypt
CDM Smith is supporting authorities in Assiut and Qena to improve local solid waste management practices, build institutional training and enhance environmental protection in these two governorates.

In 2012, Egyptian in­dus­tries, agri­cul­ture and house­holds gen­er­ated more than a tonne of waste per capita per year. A sub­stan­tial amount of the waste went un­treated into rivers or onto roads and outdoor areas, with only about 60% of the waste col­lected, less than 20% of which was properly disposed of or recycled. The in­ad­e­quate waste man­age­ment in­fra­struc­ture not only en­dan­gers the en­vi­ron­ment, but also human health.

inhabitants in the area
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The German Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ),  in cooperation with the European Commission and the Swiss State Secretariat for Economics finalised an agreement with the Egyptian Ministry of Environment on a National Solid Waste Management Programme for Egypt. The programme's aim is to enhance the solid waste management on a national, as well as on a regional and local level, by improving the effec­tive­ness of technical facilities, developing and strength­en­ing the insti­tu­tional capacities, and introducing financial tools for sustainable solid waste management. The German federal government has provided financial support to the programme in the form of a joint project between the public development financing organ­i­sa­tion (KfW) and the Society for Inter­na­tional Cooperation (GIZ).

Our experts evaluate the solid waste situation, advise the authorities on appropriate investments in the waste infrastructure, and supervise the implementation of these measurements.
Abdelaziz Belherazem, Project Manager

CDM Smith is leading a consortium that supports the national authority, Waste Management Regulatory Authority,  as well as local solid waste management units in Assiut and Qena, in developing an econom­i­cally viable and sustainable waste management system matched to local require­ments. Specif­i­cally, we are updating existing master plans and developing new ones while giving insti­tu­tional training to local waste management authorities. We are promoting cooperation between the different involved stake­hold­ers, advising the authorities on introducing new economic instruments, and developing concepts to collect and transport waste more efficiently.

In the meantime, the planning phase has been completed in which master plans for the disposal of waste were prepared in the two governorates in Upper Egypt. The following plants will then be constructed in the "immediate implementation phase":

  • Three transfer stations in Assiut and one in Qena
  • One composting plant in Assiut
  • One landfill plant in Assiut and one in Qena 
  • One MBT plant in Assiut and one in Qena

Assuming a tendering period of 6 months and a construction phase of 12 months, the plants are expected to be in operation by the end of 2020. 

Further plants are planned for a later phase (mid-term phase - after 2021).

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Improving solid waste management is an urgent priority, especially regarding the globally growing amount of waste.

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